Sometimes even the most seasoned runners can make rookie mistakes. After completing the 2017 Tokyo Marathon, avid marathoner Mike Sheehy was back to running 13 miles a day after taking just a week off. His sights were set on the Boston and London marathons, which he planned to run as part of his quest to run all six Abbott World Marathon Majors in a single year.
But as the marathons approached, Sheehy’s body began to lose speed.
"When I finally toed the line at Boston, my body was so over-trained, I couldn’t run to my potential," Sheehy remembered. "Why? I failed to recover properly."
Sheehy's experience is not uncommon. Many runners, fresh from a big race, return too quickly to their pre-race training routine and end up sidelined in the process. That's why it pays to make recuperation a top priority after any big run. As you train, consider these tips to ensure a healthy race recovery.
Recover during Your Training
"Recovery shouldn't be saved just for race day," said Pamela Nisevich Bede, a sports dietitian with Abbott’s EAS Sports Nutrition and a 21-time marathoner and Ironman triathlete. Implementing a recovery routine after every training session enables runners to be at their best when race day rolls around.
"Since training for a marathon usually takes 16 weeks, you’ve got 16 weeks of opportunity to recover," Nisevich Bede said. "If you're diligent about recovery throughout that training time, it makes it easier to progress and it makes the training easier because you’re not sore all the time."
Hydrate to Regenerate
Runners know that keeping hydrated before and during a big race is crucial to maintaining stamina and avoiding exhaustion. Hydrating after a race however, is sometimes overlooked, said Bede.
"[Hydration is] a huge factor that some of us forget to think about, especially if the race has a beer garden afterwards," Nisevich Bede said. "Rehydration is really important. Otherwise, you can go through the day feeling fatigued and trying to play catch up from the race."
Nisevich Bede offered this guide to keep in mind as you rehydrate. Following a long run, a runner's urine may be amber or resemble the color of apple juice, a sign of dehydration. Runners should rehydrate well enough that within two hours, it returns to a light lemonade color.
To achieve such a hue, make sure that plenty of water and liquids with electrolytes are part of your post-race routine.
Go for Proteins and Carbs
During the first hour after a vigorous run, a runner's muscles are primed to recover. Take advantage of the time window by choosing foods high in protein and carbohydrates.
Shoot for 15-30 grams of protein and 2 to 4 times as many carbs within the first hour, Bede said. Simply can't stomach that much food? At bare minimum, get your protein in so that muscle repair and recovery begins.
"In the hours that follow, eat normally," she added. "And don't be afraid to put salt on your food because you're trying to rehydrate and those electrolytes are important."
During the following week, keep those protein-rich foods handy. Additionally, fruits and vegetables, fish, and foods high in antioxidants are good choices to regain energy and bolster strength.
Another secret weapon? Beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate – or HMB, a naturally occurring compound that encourages quicker post-exercise muscle recovery. Your body produces HMB when it breaks down leucine, an amino acid that comes from protein-rich foods. The substance can also be found in foods, such as grapefruit and avocado but the amounts found in foods and made inherently, aren't enough to be efficacious. You may need a supplement like Abbott's EAS Myoplex Muscle Armor and take two servings to get a clinically studied dose of 3g/day in order to see the benefits.
"[HMB] helps with muscle soreness and breakdown," Nisevich Bede said. “That’s my go-to throughout heavy training and in the days post-race to fend off soreness."
There's no shame in a celebratory beer following the end of a long race. But keep alcohol to a minimum, Nisevich Bede cautions. Too many drinks can impair muscle improvement and slow recovery.
"That post-run beer is totally fine, but when you take it to extremes, clearly it's dehydrating and impairs proper recovery," she said. "It's sending you further down a path you're trying to get away from."
The same goes for excessive sugar. A sweet treat is perfectly fine post-race, but limit sugary snacks in the weeks following.
"Yes, you deserve a piece of cake," Nisevich Bede said. "But let's not consume cake every day for a month because then you undo of the miles and hours of hard work that you put in."
Keep Muscles Loose
Regular stretching is another key step for post-run recuperation.
Both Sheehy and Nisevich Bede travel with a foam roller to iron out muscle kinks after a long race. A foam roller is a self-massage tool that helps release muscle tightness. The method can also be performed with a lacrosse ball, a trigger point wand, or a mobility ball.
Compression clothing can also assist with muscle regeneration, Nisevich Bede said. The sportswear comes in shirts, shorts, tights, socks, or underwear and works to improve blood flow and aid recovery.
"Putting your legs up is important," Nisevich Bede adds. "I would say get off your feet. Rest, ice, compression, elevation can help."
After a strenuous race, Sheehy recommends slowing your training pace and keeping exercise light.
Sheehy for example, spent a week doing only light cross training and stretching after his last marathon. The next 14 days were spent stretching and limiting his runs to two miles a day, he said. Slowly, he extended runs to four miles a day, while continuing his stretching routine. He also added yoga to his training and recovery routine as a way ease back into training and reduce injury.
Swimming or using an elliptical machine are great post-race training exercises, adds Nisevich Bede. But avoid heavy weight lifting and other hard workouts that may further breakdown muscles.
Don't be afraid to sit back and relax after a big race, Sheehy stresses. Take some time to bask in your success and reflect on all you've accomplished.
"Enjoy it!" he said. "Don't rush into the next thing. Your mind, body, and soul went into training and the race. Now, you need to recover all parts of you."
Want to keep these tips handy? Download this infographic.
Abbott is the title sponsor of the Abbott World Marathon Majors, a series of six of the largest and most renowned marathons in the world: Tokyo Marathon, Boston Marathon, Virgin Money London Marathon, BMW BERLIN-MARATHON, Bank of America Chicago Marathon and TCS New York City Marathon. Click here to learn more.
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