Why Don't People Just Use Ketone Strips to Determine if Their Numbers are Dangerously Elevated?
"People do currently use ketone test strips in the U.S., but not commonly," said Dr. Kazemi. "You would only use them if you were symptomatic and by the time a person is feeling sick, the situation may already be cascading. There are additional problems like they are relatively expensive, often not covered by insurance and they may well expire before the average person has used their allotment."
What is the Advantage of Having a Glucose-Ketone Sensor as Part of a CGM System?
"The sensor would theoretically catch the impending DKA before one would experience symptoms," said Dr. Kazemi. "As with glucose, it would tell me a situation is developing before the symptoms appear and I could act on those findings before they became an issue. Did I not give myself enough insulin? Is there a problem with my pump?
"There is data to suggest that ketones rise before glucose does, which could give an earlier indicator that one is having a problem with insulin delivery. Ketone numbers below 0.6 do not rate attention and over 1.5 they are considered elevated. One could get an indication when ketones are between 0.6 and 1.5 that the ketones are on their way to DKA before they would show up on a person’s glucose numbers."
Who Would Benefit from Using a Continuous Glucose-Ketone Sensor or Monitoring System?
"Anyone who could suffer from DKA could benefit from such a device," said Dr. Kazemi. "Anyone with type 1 is at risk, but we also know that children and young adults are more likely to suffer from DKA. Pregnancy is also a risk factor. If you think of a profile of people who are at risk for DKA, that is a large group.
"To get a ballpark estimate, take all type 1s, add pregnant women and a certain percentage of type 2s who are taking SGLT2 inhibitors. There are also type 2s who are not at risk for DKA but are using it as a medication or as part of a certain diet who could benefit from the sensor results."
Sounding Better All the Time
Some things just sound bad.
Chronic condition. Fear of the unknown. Anticipatory anxiety.
Some things just sound good.
Medical technology. Hope. Embracing the future.
1 National Diabetes Statistics Report 2020, Estimates of Diabetes and Its Burden in the united States (2020) https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pdfs/data/statistics/national-diabetes-statistics-report.pdf
2 Desai et al. Diabetes Care (2018): 10.2337/dc17-1379
3 Gosmanov et al. Diab, Met. Syndrome, and Obesity (2014): 10.2147/DMSO.S50516